Turkey Day

Thanksgiving 2018 occurs on Thursday, November 22.



For those of you who know me well, you know that I'm a big History Geek. I thought that given this special time of year, where we gather around the dining room table with family and friends and argue like lunatics about politics, that I would share some history to remind us what we are commemorating and why we give thanks every third Thursday in November.


The below article was written by History.com:


In 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast that is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgiving celebrations in the colonies. For more than two centuries, days of thanksgiving were celebrated by individual colonies and states. It wasn’t until 1863, in the midst of the Civil War, that President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day to be held each November.


In September 1620, a small ship called the Mayflower left Plymouth, England, carrying 102 passengers—an assortment of religious separatists seeking a new home where they could freely practice their faith and other individuals lured by the promise of prosperity and land ownership in the New World. After a treacherous and uncomfortable crossing that lasted 66 days, they dropped anchor near the tip of Cape Cod, far north of their intended destination at the mouth of the Hudson River. One month later, the Mayflower crossed Massachusetts Bay, where the Pilgrims, as they are now commonly known, began the work of establishing a village at Plymouth.



Thanksgiving’s Ancient Origins


Although the American concept of Thanksgiving developed in the colonies of New England, its roots can be traced back to the other side of the Atlantic. Both the Separatists who came over on the Mayflower and the Puritans who arrived soon after brought with them a tradition of providential holidays—days of fasting during difficult or pivotal moments and days of feasting and celebration to thank God in times of plenty.


As an annual celebration of the harvest and its bounty, moreover, Thanksgiving falls under a category of festivals that spans cultures, continents and millennia. In ancient times, the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans feasted and paid tribute to their gods after the fall harvest. Thanksgiving also bears a resemblance to the ancient Jewish harvest festival of Sukkot. Finally, historians have noted that Native Americans had a rich tradition of commemorating the fall harvest with feasting and merrymaking long before Europeans set foot on their shores.



Citation Information

Article Title

Thanksgiving 2018

Author

History.com Editors

Website Name

HISTORY

URL

https://www.history.com/topics/thanksgiving/history-of-thanksgiving

Access Date

November 19, 2018

Publisher

A&E Television Networks

Last Updated

November 13, 2018

Original Published Date

October 27, 2009

BY HISTORY.COM EDITORS

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